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TOPIC: Goals of citizenship education


  1. Nationalism and major Local/world civic problems.
  2. Nationalistic roles of individuals and groups.

Sub-Topic 1: Nationalism and major local/world civic problems.

Nationalism: According to Barkindo, et al, 1994, “is an expression of a feeling of common identity by a group.” J.H Price in 1970 defined “Nationalism as a policy designed to achieve self-determination by removal of alien rule”

Nationalism is the sense of attachment and consciousness that a citizen has for his country such that he is ready to give all he can to serve the state and promote the country towards development.

A nationalist is the one who lives to buy a future for his nation and the betterment of humanity.

Nationalism involves showing respect for the symbols of the nation-The Coat of Arms of the country, the National Anthem, the Pledge and the Flag. It can also be described as the strong emotional awareness of belonging to a nation held in bondage by foreign domination which leads to struggle against such foreign rule and domination. A situation of representing the whole country irrespective of the region, state or ethnic group one comes from.

Major local/world civic problems

  1. There are local challenges of equality in the distribution of resources; this is why we have civic problems-Niger Delta where militants are always going on rampage. The Ife/Modakeke conflict in Osun state, Aguleri and Umuleri in Anambra state, fighting between Hausa and Kataf in Kaduna state. Religious crisis in Jos and other Northern states. The recent issue of Boko Haram has caused civic problem which can be described as internal terrorism.
  2. The boundary problems, which also cause bloodshed, and transcends to international boundaries problems causing occasional brushes-Dispute on Bakassi, Peninsula between Nigeria and Cameroon.
  3. Political crisis in Nigeria and other nations of the world such as Libya, Egypt, Syria, Cote D’Ivoire.
  4. Natural disasters such as earth quake, Tsunami, Flood and global warming deterioration of the ozone layer,
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  1. Explain nationalism.
  2. Identify three local civic problems and three world civic problems.

Sub-Topic 2: Nationalistic Roles of individuals and groups.

Some individuals who stake their lives for the independence or towards freeing themselves from foreign rule in order to determine their own future after independence. Renowned nationalist in the continent of Africa-Nelson Mandela who spent twenty seven (27) years in prison to fight against Apartheid regime in South Africa, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana. Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania.

Herbert Macaulay born 14th November, 1864 founder of Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) in 1922. The President of National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (N.C.N.C) formed in 1944.

He opposed a number of unpopular colonial government regulation-He championed the cause of Eshugbayi and also led a delegation to the privy council in London to protest against the constitution of British government. He died in 1946 in Kano.

Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe born in 1904. He mounted consistent and severe opposition against perpetual rule of the British Colonial Administration with West African Pilot Newspapers. He could be credited with the establishment of the University of Nigeria Nsukka.

He was the first African Governor General appointed on 16 November, 1960 to become a member of privy council and the first ceremonial President of Nigeria. He died on the 11th of May, 1996. His picture adorns five hundred naira note.

Chief Obafemi Awolowo was born on the 6th of March, 1906. He came and joined others in the struggle for Nigeria’s independence.

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He organized Egbe Omo Oduduwa in 1948 a Yoruba Cultural group which later became the Action Group formed in 1951.

The First premier of western region. He introduced Free Primary Education for the region, provided social amenities like the establishment of Bodija Housing Estate, Liberty Stadium and Western Nigerian Television which was the First in Africa. He died on 9th may, 1987. His picture adorns the one hundred naira note.

Alhaji Abubaka Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) He Co-founded the Northern people’s Congress (NPC) with the (Sardauna) of Sokoto-he was assassinated in a military coup in 1966. His picture is on the five naira note. He was instrumental to the formation of Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1962. He was the golden voice of Africa and the rights of Northern Nigeria. He was the prime minister when Nigeria gained Independence in 1960. There were others- Ahmadu Bello, General Yakubu Gowon, Funmilayo Ransome Kuti, Queen Amina. There were groups that played some roles in the nation-Nigerian Youth movement founded in 1933 as Lagos Youth Movement later renamed Nigerian Youth Movement in 1936 founded by Dr. James Church hill and others. They fought for –the inferior status of Yaba College appointment of Africans to senior positions in the civil service and discrimination against African truck drivers.

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