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THIRD-TERM HOME ECONOMICS PRIMARY FOUR

WEEK 2

TOPIC: SEWING BASIC STITCHES

SUBTOPIC: DEFINITION AND TYPES OF STITCHES

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: AT THE END OF THE LESSON, PUPILS SHOULD BE ABLE TO:

  1. Define stitches
  2. Name the types of stitches
  3. Explain the types of stitches.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:

  •  A Chart showing different stitches.
  • Piece of fabrics for sewing stitches
  • Tailor chalk, Fabrics, Measuring tape, etc

RESOURCES AND MATERIALS:

  • Scheme of work
  • All relevant materials
  • 9-Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Online information

BUILDING BACKGROUND/CONNECTION TO PRIOR KNOWLEDGE: Pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

DEFINITION OF STITCHES

A stitch is the journey of two pieces of materials with a line of stitches. Stitches means the movement of thread and needle in and out of the stitches.

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR STITCHES

  1. Needle
  2. Thread
  3. Scissors
  4. Ruler
  5. Tailor’s chalk or marking pencil
  6. Straight pin

TYPES OF STITCHES

  1. Temporary stitches
  2. Permanent stitches

TEMPORARY STITCHES

Temporary stitches are used for joining materials temporarily before the permanent stitch is made. It is worked from right to left, starting with a knot in a contrasting color thread, so that it can be easily removed. Tacking or basting is a temporary stitch used for holding two or more layers of fabric together before a permanent stitch is made. Usually, the stitch is worked from right to left, starting with a knot in a contrasting color thread, so that it can be easily removed.

PROCESS OF BASIC STITCHES

  1. Even tacking
  2. Uneven tacking
  3. Diagonal tacking
  4. Tailor’s tacking

 

  1. Even Tacking:

Use a thin needle and start the stitch with a knot. The stitches are of equal length about on both sides of the material. Many numbers of longer stitches can be done at a time. This is used for tacking seams & other details which must be held securely.

  1. Uneven Tacking:

In this, the stitches on the upper side is or at least twice that on the underside. This stitch can be used for longer folds & seams. This is comparatively stronger than even tacking. Use this type of tacking as a guideline or where there is little or no strain.

  1. Diagonal Tacking:

While attaching two or more layer of fabrics this type of stitch is made about apart before making machine stitch.

Work stitches through the material at right angles to the fabric edge so that a diagonal or slanting stitch in made on the upper side and a vertical stitch is made on the under side.

  1. Tailor’s Tacking:

Start tacking using double thread of contrasting color, so that they can be easily seen. Tack through double layer of fabric along the seam lines using even stitches of length apart, leave them as loop without pulling it tight. After completing, raise the upper layer of fabric slightly and clip the thread between the layers. So that the thread tufts, will remain on both the layers of fabric and remain as a guide line. This is especially used for marking details between patterns such as dart markings and pleat markings.

STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES

STEP I: The Teacher revises the previous week’s lesson.

STEP II: The Teacher introduces the new topic.

STEP III: The Teacher explains the note in detail.

STEP IV: The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.

STEP V: The Teacher evaluates the pupils.

ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION

  1. Define stitches
  2. Name the types of stitches
  3. Explain the types of stitches

WRAP-UP(CONCLUSION)

  • The teacher goes over the topic once again to enhance better understanding.

ASSIGNMENT

  • List and explain the types of temporary stitches.

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