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TOPIC: Building Materials


  • Common building materials.
  • Uses of the building material.

Sub-Topic I: Common Building Materials 

The common Building Materials are:

Since buildings vary from the type of buildings man lived in the past and the present Modern buildings in which we now live. The following are the common building materials:

  1. Cement
  2. Sand
  3. Gravel
  4. Metal
  5. Plastics
  6. Wood
  7. Glass
  8. Leaves
  9. Ceramics
  10. Grass,etc.

Identification of Buildings by Materials

Buildings are identified by the types of materials with which they are erected.

  • Mud Buildings: These are erected with loamy or clayed soil which has been properly treated to plastic nature.
  • Brick Building: Bricks are molded from dried mortar (a mixture of cement, sand and lime and at times clay burnt in a kiln. There two types of Brick Building:
    • The Sun dried bricks
    • The fire burnt bricks (Red bricks)
  • Sand Crete Building: This is made from the mixture of cement and sand. The blocks are used to erect buildings
  • Wood Building: These are erected with logs timber or plywood

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