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SPEECH WORK: Stress: (Contrastive and Emphatic Stress)

COMPREHENSION: General Guidelines. (NOSEC. Pages 2-3)

SUMMARY: Exercise. (NOSEC. Pg. 20)

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT: Words associated with Culture (Institutions)

STRUCTURE Noun Phrases (Functions).

WRITING SKILLS: Expository Essay (Use WAEC/NECO questions)

COMPREHENSION: Reading Comprehension

ASPECT: Speech Work

TOPIC: Stress: Contrastive and Emphatic Stress

The study of stress in pronunciation of English words shows that some words are stressed while others are not. However, every English word may be stress for special reasons- such to achieve or stress a particular meaning. When this happens, it is called contrastive or emphatic stress. A simple way to demonstrate this is to play around with a sentence and vary its meaning by changing the position of emphatic stress in it. Example:

That is the boy that bought a car.

In a normal stress situation, the words: That, boy, bought, and car take the stress. However, we achieve various shades of meaning by moving the position of the emphatic stress. In the following demonstration, only emphatically stressed words will be in upper case lettering.

  1. THAT is the boy that bought a car.
  2. That IS the boy that bought a car.
  3. That is THE boy that bought a car.

Examination Question tip: Choose the one sentence that best represents an interpretation of the test sentence.

Jane bought a HOUSE.

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