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SUBJECT: ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

TOPIC:  COMMON LIVESTOCK DISEASES

CONTENT:

  1. Viral Diseases:- Foot and mouth diseases, rinderpest, Newcastle diseases, pest des Petitis Ruminate (PPR)
  2. Bacterial Diseases:- Mastitis, brucellosis, anthrax, tuberculosis, tetanus, fowl typhoid, Chronic Respiratory Diseases, Pneumonia

SUB TOPIC 1: COMMON LIVESTOCK DISEASES

VIRAL DISEASES

  1. Foot and Mouth Diseases (FMD)

This is a viral disease that affects feet, lips and tongue of ruminant animals

Mode of Transmission

       It is transmitted by contact with infected animals or contact with contaminated feed of diseased animal.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Inability to eat
  2. Sore on the feet, lips and tongue of affected animal
  3. Pain
  4. Weakness
  5. Lameness
  6. Death

Prevention and control

  1. Vaccination
  2. Isolation of diseased animals from healthy ones
  3. Bury the dead animals deeply
  4. Good management practices

Rinderpest (Cattle plague)

       This is an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo etc

Mode of Transmission

  1. By direct contact with affected animal.
  2. Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water

Signs and Symptoms

  1. High fever
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Acute bloody stained diarrhoea
  4. Animals grind their teeth
  5. Most animals die 6-12 days after the onset of these clinical signs
  6. Reduced milk yield
  7. Lesion around the mouth, nose and the genital trait

Prevention and control

  1. Vaccination
  2. Kill and bury the dead animals deeply
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