A. a retaliatory sanction
B. a punitive measure
C. an exemplary punishment
D. an incontrovertible disgrace
Option C – an exemplary punishment
Qu’ran 5:38 “As for the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah . And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”
The punishment here is an exemplary punishment, so that the person will not steal again, and it will serve as an example for others.