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  1. Traditional Poem: This is a poem which has its root from the indigenous and oral poem which is often chanted. They are praise songs recited in honor of some heroic persons, animals or events. “Salute of the Elephant” is a good example
  2. A ballad: This is a poem that is presented in form of a song telling old stories.
  3. Ode: This is a long narrative lyrical poem written in form of an address to somebody, ideas or objects. It is often written in celebration of that which it is addressed to. Example “Ode to a Nightingale” by John Keats.
  4. Lyric: This is a poem which directly expresses the poet’s personal emotion of love, sorrow, disappointment or fulfillment. It is highly emotional, full of thoughts and feelings. It could be sung during burial or other ceremonies. It has a regular rhythm with end rhyme
  5. Elegy: This is a poem written in the meditation of any sorrow or ordeal. It is like a dirge but not specifically meant for only the deceased.
  6. Dirge: This is a poem specially written to mourn the dead. It is primarily written to lament the departure of a loved one. “My Jewel is No More” by F.I Akilaki is a good example.
  7. Sonnet: This is a poem of fourteen lines divided into two stanzas of eight lines (octave) and six lines (sestet). A sonnet could also be divided into three stanzas of four lines in the first two stanzas and six lines. It was classically dedicated to the theme of love.
  8. Narrative poem: This is a long poem that tells of story. It gives the details of events and a person whose story it tells.
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