The website has the complete lesson note for all the subjects in secondary school but this piece showcases the JSS1 Cultural and Creative Art (CCA) Lesson Note on Dramatist or Playwrights. You can use the website search button to filter out the subject of interest to you.
- Dramatists/ playwrights are the people that write plays.
- They are writers of plays /drama for stage, television, or radio presentation.
CATEGORIES OF DRAMATIST/PLAWRIGHT:
The three (3) categories Dramatists namely:
- Classical/universal dramatist.
- Modern dramatist
- Contemporary dramatist.
CLASSICAL OR UNIVERSAL DRAMATISTS:
These are the ancient Greek Dramatists;
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Aristophanes and Euripides are the founding fathers of drama as we know it today.
Their established form of drama is the Authority that is still followed.
The dramas were mostly tragedy, comedy, though, a lot of myth and history was also covered. Tragedy means drama ending unhappily or sadly.
Tragedy means drama ending unhappily or sadly. The most popular being
AESCHYLUS (525? – 456BC), Greek dramatist, the earliest of the Greek tragic poets of Athens. As the predecessor of Sophocles and Euripides, he is called the father of Greek tragedy. Aeschylus is said to have written about 90plays. But only80 of these
Plays is known. Aeschylus is called the father of Greek tragedies. One of his specialties was trilogies, or group of three plays, usually bound together by a common theme.
- He was born in Eleusis, near Athens.
- His father was a member of the Athenian nobility.
- He fought successfully against the Persian Armies at the battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
- He also fought in 480Bc at the battle of Salamis
- He died at Gela.
SOPHOCLES (496 -406 BC), Athenian dramatist, ranking with Aeschylus and Euripides as one of the three great tragic dramatists of Ancient Greece. His best known plays are Antigone and Oedipus Rex (Oedipus Tyrannus in Greek.).
- He was born in ColonusHippius (now part of Athens),
- He was the son of Sophillus a wealthy Armour maker.
- Provided with the best traditional Aristocratic education
- He led a chorus of youths who celebrated the Greek naval victory over the Persians at Salamis in 480Bc.
- In 468BC at the age of 28, he defeated Aeschylus, whose pre-eminence as a tragic poet had long been undisputed, in a dramatic competition.
- He was the most consistently successful Athenian Dramatist, winning first prize about 20 times.
- He wrote more than 120 plays.
ARISTOPHANES (448? –385 BC), he is an Athenian playwright.Aristophanes was considered one of the greatest writers of comedy. His plays have remain popular because of their wit, comic invention and poetic language.comedies during the Greek period meant happy endings in their drama.
- He had three Sons: Philippos, Araros, and Nikostrators all of whom were comic poets.
- He was first and foremost a Satirist.
- He wrote more than 40 plays.
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