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The website has the complete lesson note for all the subjects in secondary school but this piece showcases the JSS1 Basic Science Lesson Note on Gravitation and Weightlessness. You can use the website search button to filter out the subject of interest to you.

TOPIC: FORCE

SUB-TOPIC: GRAVITATION AND WEIGHTLESSNESS

Meaning of gravitation:

Gravitation is a type of force that acts on a body across a distance, without any contact between the source and the body.

The earth exerts a gravitational force on bodies by which it pulls these bodies towards its centre. This is why fruits fall to the ground from the tree and do not rise upwards. Also, when a stone is thrown upwards it soon stops its upward movement and starts to fall back to the earth.

The force of gravity is a universal force. It exists between the earth and bodies and between planets and stars.

Gravitational pull determines the weight of objects.

The amount of force with which gravity pulls an object depends on three things:

1. The mass of the object.
2. The mass of the earth.

iii. The distance between the centre of the object and the earth.

Effect of gravitation on objects:

1. Gravitation gives objects weight.
2. Gravitation keeps the earth and the other planet in their orbits around the sun.
3. Gravitation keeps the moon in its orbits around the earth.
4. Gravitation keeps the moon in its path in the sky.
5. It is the work against gravity that make aero plane to fly in the sky.
6. Gravitation bring about the formation of tides, for convection (by which hot fluids rise)