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TOPIC: AGRO-FORESTRY PRACTICES IN NIGERIA:
Agro-Forestry Practices in Nigeria:
(a) Agro–Forestry: meaning and practices:
(i) Taungya System
(ii) Different agro-forestry combinations in production of crops, livestock and pasture etc.
(iii) Tree species suitable for agro-forestry practices.
Meaning of Agro-forest practices: Agro- forest is the practice of combining agriculture with forestry for the sustenance of trees, fertility of the soil and production of abundant food crops to meet the needs of man. This account for about 70 percent of agricultural production for farmers living in forest zones.
Taungya System: It is a system of combining crop husbandry with forest management on the same piece of land, thereby integrating agriculture with forestry. Food crops are cultivated along with economic trees to provide shade at the initial stage of growth of the economic trees. The food crops are usually annual or biennial crops.
Seedlings or seeds of economic trees are given to local farmers who have interest on taungya system to plant along with their own crops. After about two years they vacate the land while the forestry department takes over the management of the trees.
Examples of trees used in agro-forestry
- Parkia biblobasa (Ukpaka- locust beans)
- Irvingia spp (Ogbono)
- Adansonia digitata(baobab)
- Tectona grandis (Teak)
- Vitelleria paradosa (shear butter)
- Chrysophyllum albidum (African star apple)
- Blighia sapida (Ishin)
- Gmelina spp
- Flame of the forest
- Pinus spp
- Acacia spp
- Nigerian Walnut
Examples of food crops in agro-forestry
- Cocoa yam
- Oil palm
Advantages of Taungya system
- Variety of crops are harvested
- Availability of crops produce throughout the year
- The farmers has a piece of land to cultivate where land is scarce
- The young forest trees are taken care of by the farmers
- It increases the income of the farmers
- When leguminous crops are planted more nitrogen is supplied to both food crops and forest crops
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