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**WEEK 4**

**TOPIC: USE OF ICT IN MATHEMATICS**

**CONTENT:**

- Using computers to solve simple Mathematical calculation (using EXCEL)
- translation of word problem into Mathematical expression
- Flow Chart

**DEFINITION OF COMPUTER AND ICT**

Computer is an electronic device that aids computation, storage of information, processing of data, etc.

ICT is an abbreviation for Information and Communication Technology. It is a modern way of processing and distributing data using computer hardware and software, telecommunications, and digital electronics. The computer is configured based on the binary number system only, which is **0** and **1**.

**USE OF COMPUTER FOR MATHEMATICS IN ICT**

There are many specific forms in which ICT may be used in Mathematics teaching and learning. These include calculators, search engines (Google), presentation packages (PowerPoint), drill and practice software, spreadsheets (MS-Excel), databases and online interactive resources.

With the introduction of Information Technology (IT), doing simple Mathematical calculations on computer is now easier and interesting. The software written on mathematics that make calculations easier are called Mathematics Compact Discs. Examples of mathematics software are Encarta Premium, Encarta Kids, Equation solver, Geo-Gebra, triangle solver, etc. Other ICT gadgets or materials that are useful in the teaching and learning of mathematics are: Mathematics tools, power point, Encarta dictionary, calculator, search engines, interactive board, etc.

**NOTE**: Teachers should teach the students how to use the available mathematics software to calculate simple mathematical problems. Special attention should be given to how to MS-Excel to perform simple calculations.

**MS-EXCEL**

MS-Excel is an example of a Spreadsheet application, developed and designed for accounting purposes such as budgeting, general ledger, journals, inventory control, payroll, cashbooks, etc.

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