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JS 2 (BASIC 8)                                    




 I: Meaning of habitat.

The place where an organism normally lives is called its habitat. Specifically, it means the home where an organism (plant or animal) inhabits. The Biologists who study habitats are called Ecologists. Ecology is the study of organisms in relation to their environment. There are many kinds of habitats. The school compound is a habitat, a pond is a habitat and the tropical rain forest of Africa is a habitat.


There are basically three types of habitat. They are Aquatic habitat, Terrestrial habitat and Arboreal.

  1. Aquatic (Water) Habitat: This habitat refers to water environment. Organisms found in this habitat are called aquatic organisms. There are three types of aquatic habitat: a. Fresh water habitat and b. Marine habitat and Estuarine habitat
  2. Fresh water Habitat: These are made of ponds, streams, rivers and lakes. Examples of animals that live here are tilapia fish, crabs, frogs, crocodile etc.
  3. Marine Habitat: These are made of oceans, and seas with salt (salinity). Examples of animals in this habitat are whales, octopus, dolphins, weeds etc.
  4. Estuarine Habitat: This refers to the river mouths where salt and fresh water meet. Examples are such areas are bays and lagoons. The organisms found here are periwinkles and lobsters etc
  5. Terrestrial (Land) Habitat: This habitat refers to land environment. Living organisms found living in terrestrial habitat include

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